By R. Service
This well known, concise and hugely readable examine discusses the major subject matters and debates in regards to the Russian Revolution. Robert Service's full of life research examines:
• nation and society below the Romanovs from 1900
• the February and October Revolutions of 1917
• the ultimate years of the Romanov dynasty and the beginning of the Soviet order
• comparisons with political, social and fiscal developments in other places within the world
• the level to which the later improvement of the USSR used to be conditioned through the October Revolution.
Clear and incisive, the fourth variation has been completely revised and up-to-date within the gentle of the most recent examine and lines a brand new scene-setting advent and maps. Service's textual content is still the basic start line for a person learning this tumultuous interval within the background of Russia and the realm within the 20th century.
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Extra info for The Russian Revolution 1900–1927
Ix) Economic problems before 1914 Even before 1905 the government had seen agrarian reform as its main hope of survival. The rural turbulence in that year convinced opinion in official and landowning circles that the peasant commune, far from acting as a prop for the existing order of things, undermined the foundations. Communal agriculture was associated with three-field crop rotation; with the division of each field into several strips for each household; and, in European Russia, with periodic redistributions of land among households.
Workers were said to constitute around three-fifths of the members in late 1917 (112:43-4), and this enabled local committees to stay in touch with popular mood as it developed. Local issues were often as important as those of national significance in Bolshevik party campaigns. Not infrequently the so-called 'party masses' pushed their committees towards more radical measures. The attitude was fierce and exalted and, as material conditions worsened, a little desperate too. Highly 'democratic' and highly 'authoritarian' ideas co-existed in Bolshevik thought; and party members at all levels, even in the Central Committee, felt under little obligation to resolve the contradictions of their future policies in advance.
Even so, a substantial convergence of the two viewpoints had for several years been observable. The Socialist-Revolutionaries' ascendant leaders, unlike the populists of the 1870s but like the Mensheviks in their own day, considered that the Russian industrial economy required further capitalist development, so as to build up the country's productive strength and cultural resources, before socialists should try to assume power (48:105-8). In any case, the Socialist-Revolutionaries aimed at a revolution by and for all 'the toiling people' (and not just the peasantry) (88:80-1).
The Russian Revolution 1900–1927 by R. Service