By Leo Tolstoy, Cynthia Ozick, Peter Constantine
Olenin, a prosperous, disaffected Muscovite, joins the Russian military and travels to the untamed frontier of the Caucasus looking for a extra genuine existence. Quartered together with his regiment in a Cossack village, Olenin revels within the glories of nature and the tough power of the Cossacks and Chechens. captivated with his unrequited love for a neighborhood lady, Maryanka, Olenin has a profound yet finally short-lived religious awakening. attempt as he may well to assimilate, even though, he is still a clumsy outsider and his lengthy look for a extra enlightened and useful life involves naught.
Peter Constantine, winner of a PEN Book-of-the-Month membership Translation Prize and a countrywide Translation Award, has earned broad approval for his translation of the full works of Isaac Babel. His sleek Library translations contain Gogol's Taras Bulba and Voltaire's Candide.
Cynthia Ozick is the distinguished writer of many novels, together with The scarf, The Puttermesser Papers, and inheritor to the Glimmering international, and winner of the nationwide publication Critics Circle Award for her essay assortment Quarrel & obstacle.
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Extra resources for The Cossacks
Ix) Economic problems before 1914 Even before 1905 the government had seen agrarian reform as its main hope of survival. The rural turbulence in that year convinced opinion in official and landowning circles that the peasant commune, far from acting as a prop for the existing order of things, undermined the foundations. Communal agriculture was associated with three-field crop rotation; with the division of each field into several strips for each household; and, in European Russia, with periodic redistributions of land among households.
Workers were said to constitute around three-fifths of the members in late 1917 (112:43-4), and this enabled local committees to stay in touch with popular mood as it developed. Local issues were often as important as those of national significance in Bolshevik party campaigns. Not infrequently the so-called 'party masses' pushed their committees towards more radical measures. The attitude was fierce and exalted and, as material conditions worsened, a little desperate too. Highly 'democratic' and highly 'authoritarian' ideas co-existed in Bolshevik thought; and party members at all levels, even in the Central Committee, felt under little obligation to resolve the contradictions of their future policies in advance.
Even so, a substantial convergence of the two viewpoints had for several years been observable. The Socialist-Revolutionaries' ascendant leaders, unlike the populists of the 1870s but like the Mensheviks in their own day, considered that the Russian industrial economy required further capitalist development, so as to build up the country's productive strength and cultural resources, before socialists should try to assume power (48:105-8). In any case, the Socialist-Revolutionaries aimed at a revolution by and for all 'the toiling people' (and not just the peasantry) (88:80-1).
The Cossacks by Leo Tolstoy, Cynthia Ozick, Peter Constantine