By Donald A. Beattie
This ultimate quantity in a chain that has surveyed advances in solar power learn because the oil surprise of the early Seventies presents a extensive evaluate of the U.S. sunlight thermal application. It summarizes the conclusions of every of the 9 technical volumes within the sequence and gives classes drawn from this system for destiny governmental efforts to foster particular technologies.Reading this background, it turns into transparent that what used to be detailed concerning the federal sunlight application used to be its try to create examine directions that incorporated commercialization as a part of the predicted end result. the 3 individuals, all lively contributors within the sun undertaking, are rather candid approximately what labored and what didn't (and why). the result's a story of forms and politics worthy wondering as we debate the right kind dating among executive and technological know-how.
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Additional info for History and Overview of Solar Heat Technologies
Attempts to use sunlight as a source of energy for processes ranging from water distillation, to home heating, to various types of steam engines go back hundreds, and for some applications even thousands, of years. Many of the early experiments were carried out by dedicated researchers operating with minimal resources. 1 In the United States alone during the 1930s and early 1940s, over 100,000 solar water heaters were installed, primarily in Flor ida and southern California, while many simple, evaporative space cool ing systems appeared in the Southwest.
L1 Despite this protest, the report was submitted with a diminished solar program and with most of the $10 billion initially proposed as a target by the president earmarked for various nuclear technologies. When put into its proper fiscal context, the $200 million solar program represented a smaller program than that approved earlier in 1973 by OMB. By December 1973 , however, support for solar energy R&D was mounting, and release of The Nation's Energy Future marked the begin ning of the sometimes bitter confrontation between Congress and the ad ministration over priorities for energy RD&D dollars.
Dependence on foreign sup plies of crude oil and petroleum products, changes were under way in the federal agencies. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Depart ment of Interior (DOl), the Office of Coal Research (OCR), NASA, the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and NSF began vying for expanded roles in energy R&D. NASA, having cochaired the FCST Solar Energy Panel, aggressively pursued the lead role in the development of renewable tech nologies and other more esoteric energy technologies such as magneto hydrodynamics (MHD).
History and Overview of Solar Heat Technologies by Donald A. Beattie