David A. Peterson's Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and PDF

By David A. Peterson

ISBN-10: 0199270929

ISBN-13: 9780199270927

This publication provides the 1st systematic typological research of applicatives throughout African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. it's also the 1st to deal with their capabilities in discourse, the derivation in their semantic and syntactic houses, and the way and why they've got replaced through the years.

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Extra resources for Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)

Example text

KWu@ sqW@me´y? aux 1sub astonished obl det dog (Gerdts 1988: 139) but b. -t kWu@ sqW@me´y? ’ (ibid. 139) Where the causal is not animate, an applicative construction is not used, as in (14a). (14) a. ’ (ibid. 138) but b. app-tr det carving-3pos (ibid. 138) Allative applicatives are optionally used with animate objects, as seen in (15), Morphosyntactic and Semantic Variation 49 (15) a. ni nem? ’ (ibid. 141) or b. ’ (ibid. 141) but not with inanimate objects, as shown by the unacceptability of (16b).

The second and third characteristics eliminate from consideration constructions such as English dative shift. It seems likely that constructions like dative shift are related to applicative constructions in terms of their function (see Chapter 4), but there are two problems with considering them in a study of applicative constructions. Such constructions are typically not especially productive; furthermore, they may not be adequately described for languages that have them. It seems safer to stick with constructions with overt marking when we are trying to identify a construction across a large number of languages.

Tsuu paalaw¼ni? ii . . y’s neck, and . ’ It is unclear what the pragmatics of this dislocation are, but it does typically occur with heavy elements, which is consistent with what Hawkins (1994) claims about the treatment of heavy elements in head-Wnal languages. Speakers can nonetheless left-dislocate objects at will, even if they are relatively light, so possibly this construction is doing something more obscure than just repositioning heavy items. It is of interest in the case of verbs with multiple objects to determine whether there are any restrictions on which object may be left-dislocated.

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Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by David A. Peterson


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