Download PDF by F. S. Naiden: Ancient Supplication

By F. S. Naiden

ISBN-10: 019518341X

ISBN-13: 9780195183412

This is often the 1st book-length remedy of supplication, an immense social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has obtained little recognition, and no prior learn has explored such a lot of points of the perform. Naiden investigates the various gestures made via the supplicants, the kinds of requests they make, the arguments utilized in protection in their requests, and the function of the supplicandus, who evaluates and makes a decision even if to meet the requests. assorted and considerable resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and in addition between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its criminal and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough learn, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, paintings, and medical assets. 30 illustrations and a map of the suitable destinations accompany the textual content.

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Literary change accounts for much of this shift—for example, there is little epic poetry after this period—and the rise of Christianity accounts for the rest. Christianity had two effects on supplication. First, by assigning every altar to the same personnel, an ordained priesthood, it introduced uniformity. Second, by establishing canon law for supplication, it introduced universality. By contrast, earlier supplication was diverse—four steps, but differing supplicandi and standards of judgment as well as differing gestures and venues.

8 Tiberius finds so much attention nerve-wracking, and he suspects one suppliant of trying to kill him. Since the source for this act is Tacitus, who dislikes Tiberius, the emperor is ludicrously wrong. The suppliant, a disgraced senator, is groveling before him. But the long face that Tiberius showed to at least one suppliant did him no good. 10 Any emperor missing from this list surely received suppliants, too, a conclusion suggested by the range of those who are on it. Some, like Trajan, at least pretended to share power with the Senate, and others, like Caligula, did not, and so pro-senatorial writers such as Tacitus favor the one and detest the other.

Italian: Cic. Clu. 200. Consul-designate: Mur. 86–87. Senator: Rab. Perd. 37. 34 Ancient Supplication met, defendants must have supplicated them. So must have those who aided defendants, notably advocates. 25 These examples involve orderly, mostly peacetime settings. On a battlefield, a suppliant may discover that an individual soldier wields the power to spare or save him, and not any higher authority like a commander, let alone the king or assembly to which the commander is responsible (and to which, like Gylippus, he may defer).

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Ancient Supplication by F. S. Naiden

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