By David Griffith
The H-2 application, initially established in Florida, is the longest operating labor-importation software within the kingdom. Over the process a quarter-century of analysis, Griffith studied rural exertions strategies and their nationwide and foreign results. during this ebook, he examines the socioeconomic results of the H-2 software on either the parts the place the employees paintings and the parts they're from, and, taking a uniquely humanitarian stance, he considers the results of this system at the employees themselves.
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Additional resources for American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. Labor Market
Several other developments inside and outside the agricultural labor market occurred during the s and s that allowed sugar and apple producers to lobby successfully for the continued use of foreign labor. First, the migrations of African Americans from the South into northern industry reduced the traditional supply of farm labor in the South, which had long been a combination of tenant farmers, sharecroppers, family labor, and seasonal hired hands. Many African Americans who stayed in the South rejected agricultural labor because of its associations with slavery and servitude.
Qxd 10/12/2006 8:02 AM Page 33 , program to provide a ready supply of labor to agriculture through network recruiting (Calavita ; Galarza ). Several works on immigrant labor have shown that network recruiting, often combined with subcontracting, is among the principal methods through which low-wage labor markets become staﬀed (Bach and Brill ; Griﬃth ; Griﬃth and Kissam ; Lamphere ; Massey et al. ; Hahamovich ; Peck ; Cloud and Galenson ; Ngai ).
Several works on immigrant labor have shown that network recruiting, often combined with subcontracting, is among the principal methods through which low-wage labor markets become staﬀed (Bach and Brill ; Griﬃth ; Griﬃth and Kissam ; Lamphere ; Massey et al. ; Hahamovich ; Peck ; Cloud and Galenson ; Ngai ). Although the Bracero Program with Mexico was phased out in the mids, the much smaller BWI program, also known as the H-A program, remained in eﬀect through the s and is still in eﬀect today.
American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. Labor Market by David Griffith