By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, very important land inequalities stay, in particular in Latin the US and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the want for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round find out how to redistribute land peacefully and legally, frequently blockading growth on implementation. This booklet makes a speciality of the 'how' of land redistribution with a purpose to forge better consensus between land reform practitioners and let them to make higher offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Additional info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
But whereas rural development undoubtedly is an effective engine for economic development and poverty reduction, its effectiveness in reducing rural poverty depends on the form that it takes. The vast majority of farmers in developing countries are smallholders: of an estimated 3 billion5 rural inhabitants, 50 percent are in smallholder households (World Bank 2007). Therefore, although rural development holds the promise of reducing poverty significantly, its success will depend largely on smallholders and poor households participating in production (World Bank 2007).
In Malawi, for example, land prices in the districts in which the program is operating have risen moderately since the program began (see chapter 14). Small farmers who have land also may lose their land. In the context of imperfect markets for credit and insurance—a context typical of rural areas— droughts and other adverse shocks may force poor farmers to sell production assets (such as draft animals or land), creating even more poverty (see chapter 2). Rental markets for land could overcome some of these problems, but they rarely lead to redistribution of land access from large to small farmers in countries where there is a highly unequal distribution of land to start with (Deininger, Castagnini, and González 2004).
After a promising start in the early 1980s, the number of land offers dropped significantly, and land acquisition stalled. In the early 1990s, the government decided to use expropriation to accelerate the pace of land redistribution. However, the legal requirements of fairness, timeliness, and transparency in land acquisition made it cumbersome and expensive. By the end of the decade, 624 of the 1,471 farms listed for expropriation had been delisted, and 500 were struck off by the administrative court.
Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink