By Margaret E. Grosh
This publication contains case experiences of 30 social courses from eleven Latin American international locations and offers beneficial classes approximately concentrating on a number of social courses. those companies contain the supply of college lunches, foodstuff stamps, day care, scholar reduction, money funds, unemployment assistance, housing mortgages, and meals commodities and subsidies. info is equipped at the management expenditures, specifications, and strategies for concentrating on social prone. Case via case, the ebook indicates how the several courses controlled to stability carrier advancements opposed to the price of focusing on to lead them to economical. It additionally describes the most typical focusing on equipment and identifies which programmes used them and why.
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Additional info for Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94
Furthermore, comparisons among programs with different poverty lines are somewhat difficult to interpret. We will, therefore, review a somewhat simpler way of judging targeting outcomes. Incidence. Incidence looks at the division of total benefits across the income distribution. If a poverty line is fixed, then the errors of inclusion can be calculated from the incidence information. But even without fixing the poverty line, it is possible to judge which of two programs has better incidence and lower leakage.
Incentive Effects Targeting schemes can have incentive effects that are side effects of their principal goal of sorting the poor from the nonpoor. They result from changing the implicit prices and rewards faced by households or individuals and, therefore, their economic behavior. 1 Some of these changes will be positive for the economy, and some negative. This study does not attempt to quantify incentive costs for all the programs reviewed here. Rather, this section is designed as a brief sketch of the issue so that the reader will be aware of the ''forest" that surrounds the "trees" that will be studied in detail.
Of all the people in Program B, 45 percent are in the poorest quintile of the population and so on. 1 Incidence of Two Programs: Population QuintilesPoorestRichest12345NationalProgram A 30 25 25 15 10 100 Program B 45 30 12 9 4 100 Page 18 If we knew that the poverty line was set to include the first and second quintiles, then we could say that 55 percent of the benefits of Program A go to the target group and that 45 percent of them leak away to the nontarget group. For this poverty line, Program B's leakage would be just 25 percent of the benefits.
Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94 by Margaret E. Grosh