By Aurelio Menéndez, Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.), International Development Centre (Canada), USAID Thailand
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Additional info for Access to basic infrastructure by the urban poor, Page 75
1F Les politiques de transport en Afrique francophone au sud du Sahara: Problèmes et choix. Hernán Levy. EDI Catalog no. 705/016. 2 Food Policy Seminar. J. Price Gittinger. EDI Catalog no. 505/003. 3 Agricultural Policy and Its Relationship to Food Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sakwa Bunyasi. EDI Catalog no. 070/001. 3F La politique agricole et ses rapports avec la politique alimentaire en Afrique subsaharienne. Sakwa Bunyasi. EDI Catalog no. 070/001. 4 Development Policy Analysis. David G. Davies.
Unfortunately, this is always a consuming activity in terms of time and people and, unless the poor are identified and actually given the subsidies, people other than the poor often end up benefiting. The ideal ways to recover costs included finding sustainable and replicable actions and decentralizing interventions by tapping resources from a range of institutions, organizations, and communities. The participants underscored the role of community participation in achieving sustainable interventions.
Adequate interventions vary among countries, depending on factors such as the level of development of the NGO sector, the strength of government institutions, and the country's macroeconomic structure. At the macro level, most participants agreed that overall economic development is necessary to establish long-term poverty alleviation measures but should not be embraced at the expense of equity. Some participants believed that the issue of poverty must be rethought and the planning of urban areas radically changed before any wide-ranging interventions can be effectively implemented.
Access to basic infrastructure by the urban poor, Page 75 by Aurelio Menéndez, Economic Development Institute (Washington, D.C.), International Development Centre (Canada), USAID Thailand