A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj by Joanna Radwanska-Williams PDF

By Joanna Radwanska-Williams

ISBN-10: 9027245592

ISBN-13: 9789027245595

The overall idea of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this booklet argues, a “lost paradigm” within the historical past of linguistics. the concept that of 'paradigm' is known in a commonly construed Kuhnian feel, and its applicability to linguistics as a technology is tested. it truly is argued that Kruszewski's concept used to be a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technological know-how of Language', 1883), had the aptitude to be seminal within the background of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This strength was once now not discovered simply because Kruszewski's impact was once hindered by way of numerous ancient components, together with his early loss of life and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language swap. The e-book examines the highbrow historical past of Kruszweski's suggestion, which used to be rooted, partially, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's courting to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his perspective in the direction of the Neogrammarian circulate in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his thought by way of his contemporaries, and the impression of his paintings at the linguistic concept of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).

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Mill's view of the relationship between deduction and induction can be seen in his critique of the syllogism (cf. McRae 1973:xxviii-xxx). For example, in the Aristotelian syllogism: "All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore Socrates is mortal", both the major and the minor premise are inductive propositions. The major premise, "all men are mortal", is a generalization from experience, while the minor premise, "Socrates is a man", is an observation. Thus, induction precedes deduction, HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 21 and the role of deduction is to draw out the implication of what is already known: "therefore, Socrates is mortal".

For example, according to Locke's analogy of the tabula rasa, the mind is blank at birth and comes to bear the imprint of the collected experience of the individual. Therefore, the formation of the mind was accessible to scientific observation. The common factor in these two conceptions of mind is the question of relationship between mind and body. At the same time as the Copernican and Galilean revolution in celestial mechanics, advances in physiology, for example William Harvey's (1578-1657) discovery of the circulation of blood, produced a revolution in the conception of the body.

Warren 1921: 118-153, 168-175). At this point, however, there was a discontinuity in the history of social theory, HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 25 due to the Darwinian paradigm shift. While for John Stuart Mill the associationist account of the mind had been the foundation for the study of society, after Darwin society came to be perceived in evolutionary terms. As one historian of associationist psychology points out, this was a change from the direction which John Stuart Mill had envisaged: "the work of the [British] association school remained incomplete when the movement came to an end" (Warren 1921:175).

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A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski by Joanna Radwanska-Williams


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