A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and - download pdf or read online

By Trevor Ling

ISBN-10: 0333101723

ISBN-13: 9780333101728

ISBN-10: 1349152900

ISBN-13: 9781349152902

The spiritual traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the name, are often considered as being in sharp distinction with one another, the only 'mystical', the opposite 'prophetic'. at any time when their religions should not so contrasted they're often handled in isolation from one another: the faith of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, even though, stresses that there's significant overlap and interpenetration among the 2 forms and parts, and that it is very important see the ancient inter-relation among those religions and to watch how, in the course of given sessions of background, there are parallel advancements or major divergences. He covers the interval 1500 B.C. to the current time, delivering an summary of the advance of Asian and eu non secular traditions and associations, and discussing the social and financial components enthusiastic about the improvement of religous traditions, even though he indicates that such components on my own don't account for the non secular lifetime of guy. Dr Ling is going directly to interpret the modern importance of those religions and their capability for the longer term lifetime of humanity. He means that the current degree of spiritual increase is characterized by way of open-endedness in the direction of the long run; no longer all religions express this personality, yet none has but exhausted the probabilities of improvement. This e-book is meant to be used an an creation to the learn of faith. even though reference is made within the textual content to resources of extra details, the booklet can be utilized regardless of them.

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It came to them through their own prophet-leader; the awareness first experienced by him of personal encounter with a spiritual being whose nature was supremely that of compassion, one who had heard the cry of the afllicted Hebrews and knew their sorrows (Exod. 3: 7), and whose only name was I am what I am, or I will be what I will be, that is, one whose nature was disclosed in the course of ongoing relationship. Between this holy one and themselves the Hebrews believed there now existed a firm and unbreakable relationship, a covenant, not initiated by them but to which they, out of gratitude, must be faithful.

E. ••• For the Jew the religious promise was the opposite. The social order of the world was conceived to have been turned into the opposite of that promised for the future, but in the future it was to be overturned so that Jewry could be once again dominant. The world was conceived as neither eternal nor unchangeable, but rather as having been created. Its present structures were a product of man's activities, above all those of the Jews, and ofGod'sreaction to them. ) Weber thus sees the cultural heritage of the religion of Israel for the West as that of 'a highly rational religious ethic of social conduct', which, he considers, was 'worlds apart from the paths of salvation offered by Asiatic religions'.

Hooke, the origin of such ritual 'lies in the attempt to control the unpredictable element in human experience' (present writer's italics). 'The ritual pattern represents the things which were done to and by the king in order to secure the prosperity of the community in every sense for the coming year' {Hooke, 1933; 8). In this connection it is interesting to note the distinction made by Bronislaw Malinowski between magic and religion. According to Malinowski magic is essentially practical in its scope and intention: 'It is always the affirmation of man's power to cause definite effects by a definite spell and rite' (Malinowski, 1926; 81).

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A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation by Trevor Ling

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