By Henry Pelling
The writer leads the reader via a narrative of fight and improvement masking greater than 4 centuries: from the medieval guilds and early craftsmen's and labourers' institutions to the dramatic progress of alternate unionism in Britain within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He exhibits how strong personalities equivalent to Robert Applegarth, Henry Broadhurst, Tom Mann, Ernest Bevin and Walter Citrine have helped to form the development of present-day unionism, and for this version he has further a bankruptcy "On the protecting: the 1980s". the writer additionally wrote "The Origins of the Labour Party".
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Additional resources for A History of British Trade Unionism
But in any case there were likely to be exceptions to such regulations for the sons of members, or at least the eldest sons, if they wished to work at the trade. Candidates for membership had to be proposed and seconded by existing members : an entrance fee was normally exacted, and in some cases it was spent at once on the entertainment of the general body of members. If this implies some laxity of behaviour, it should be added that there were often penalties for misconduct at meetings such as drunkenness or blasphemy.
All the same, there is little doubt that they spoke no more than the truth when they said that the existing law tended to aggravate ill-feeling between masters and workmen, without effectively suppressing combination. In his own evidence Place suggested that the effect of the law was to make combinations into secret, authoritarian bodies. 'Apprehension of prosecution', he said, 'causes unlimited confidence to be given. ' The Committee agreed with him, as may be seen from two important paragraphs of their conclusions.
Under the lead of a Newcastle publican who had worked in the pits, Martin jude, and with the aid of a Bath solicitor, W. P. Roberts, who became famous as 'the Pittnen's Attorney-General', the Miners Association fought hard for better wages and conditions for its members. It eschewed any high-flown ambitions and would have nothing to do with the Chartist movement. Its object was to raise the living standards of its members by raising the price of coal, which it sought to do by a national restriction of output.
A History of British Trade Unionism by Henry Pelling