By Robert C. King
The e-book of this absolutely up to date version of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the creation of the time period genetics by means of William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd overseas convention on Genetics. when you consider that then genetics has made great advances in wisdom and procedure and now occupies a pivotal place within the existence sciences because the strongest capability for probing primary questions in telephone biology, improvement, and evolution. The choice of sequences of whole genomes, the research of gene expression and genetic edition on an international scale, and the facility to speedily enlarge gene sequences and to accomplish distinctive gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of recent phrases necessarily accompanies such outstanding development. This re-creation of the Dictionary addresses the desires of scholars, educators, and medical geneticists for an authoritative and up to date reference paintings that not just defines the newest phrases, yet as a rule, additionally offers vital ancillary encyclopedic details. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it comprises phrases from quite a lot of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, phone biology, medication, botany, and evolutionary stories. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported by means of an outstanding selection of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which include a rare trove of supplementary details. This features a chronology of significant advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of necessary websites and periodicals, a category of dwelling organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those good points make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon extraordinary within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is out there on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top rate assortment!
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Genetics
Cells that have sloughed from the fetus are suspended in the ﬂuid. Cells in the sample are cultured for about three weeks to raise their numbers to the point where chromosomal and biochemical analyses can be made. Amniocentesis cannot be done until about 16 weeks from the last menstrual period, since the sac containing the embryo is not large enough to permit safe withdrawal of the ﬂuid until this time. See Appendix C, 1967, Jacobson and Barter; chorionic villi sampling, informed consent, genetic counseling, prenatal genetic testing.
Aneuploidy the condition in which the chromosome number of the cells of an individual is not an exact multiple of the typical haploid set for that species. The nomenclature employs the sufﬁx somic, as the following examples illustrate. ) are examples of a human trisomic and monosomic, respectively. Nullisomics result from the loss (2N − 2) and tetrasomics from the gain (2N + 2) of a chromosome pair. If more than one different chromosome is lost or gained, the condition is described as doubly monosomic (2N − 1 − 1) or doubly trisomic (2N + 1 + 1).
Development from a fertilized egg followed by disintegration of the maternal nucleus prior to syngamy. The resulting individual possesses only paternal chromosomes and is haploid. 2. ). Compare with gynogenesis. Angelman syndrome (AS) androgenic gland a gland found in most crustaceans belonging to the subclass Malacostraca. When implanted into maturing females, the gland brings about masculinization of primary and secondary sex characters. androgen insensitivity syndrome a condition in which XY individuals develop as normal-appearing, but sterile, females.
A Dictionary of Genetics by Robert C. King